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Carbon footprint of products, services, organisations and events
Carbon Footprint

Carbon footprint of products, services, organisations and events

Carbon footprint of products, services, organisations and events

Climate change mitigation tool

The carbon footprint of products is the total amount of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) that are generated in each phase of the product lifecycle (from the extraction of raw materials to the eventual abandonment of the product).

Currently, there are several general and sector-specific standards, references and guides to calculate the carbon footprint of products promoted by different public and private institutions. For example, PAS 2050, GHG Protocol, ISO 14067, International Wine Carbon Footprint Protocol, etc.

This third-party verification of calculated greenhouse gas emissions of a product is the first move towards developing subsequent verifications with a greater environmental benefit, such as reducing (through reduction projects) or offsetting emissions (which also leads indirectly to reductions through projects that offset emissions).

There are three possible types of product/service verification:

  • Calculated CO2: confirms the reliability of the calculation of the carbon footprint of a product/service, defined as the total greenhouse gas emission (GHG) that a product/service generates during its entire lifecycle.
  • Reduced CO2: the company must demonstrate that there has been at least a 3% reduction in its product/service compared with the previous year, and is granted the use of this verification on an annual basis.
  • Offset CO2: The emissions offset by carbon sinks are calculated and subtracted from the emissions of the carbon footprint of the product/service.

A carbon footprint is applicable to products, services, organisations, transportation, buildings and events.

AENOR will prepare a Verification Report and will issue an AENOR Environmental Mark Certificate for Calculated, Offset or Reduced CO2 Emissions. The organisation obtains a licence to use the AENOR Environmental Mark for Calculated, Offset or Reduced CO2 Emissions, which guarantees voluntary commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, collaborating alongside other organisations in the fight against the climate change.

AENOR Environmental Mark for Calculated CO2eq Emissions

AENOR Environment Mark
Calculated CO2 Emissions

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AENOR Environmental Mark for Reduced CO2eq Emissions

AENOR Environment Mark
Reduced CO2 Emissions

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AENOR Environmental Mark for Verified CO2eq Emissions

AENOR Environment Mark
Verified CO2 Emissions

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AENOR has granted the AENOR Environment Mark for Calculated CO2 for over 150 product references around the world.

  • In terms of carbon offset, AENOR has granted the AENOR Environment Mark for Offset CO2 to over a dozen events, including Carbon Expo Barcelona (2009)
  • Carbon Expo Cologne (2010) and COP LIMA
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